Man held for `blackmail, harassment’

MULTAN: The Federal Investigation Agency’s (FIA) Cyber Wing claimed to have arrested a suspect for sexually harassing a girl. According to official sources, Okara resident Javed Iqbal was allegedly found sexually harassing and blackmailing the daughter of Haleema Bibi. The accused is reportedly in possession of objectionable content of the complainant’s daughter. An FIA team led by Assistant Director Muhammad Shoaib Riaz and ASI Zeeshan Khan conducted a raid and managed to arrest the alleged suspect. AM

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Harassment complaint

KARACHI: The Ombudsperson for Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace has summoned the managing director and another senior official of the Sindh Small Industries Cooperation (SSIC) on a complaint lodged by their female colleague for alleged harassment.

The ombudsperson asked the two officials to appear in person on Oct 26.

The complainant submitted that the respondents had sexually harassed her at the workplace. Staff Reporter

Man, wife shot dead for `honour` in Ittehad Town

KARACHl: A couple was shot dead in Ittehad Town on Saturday night over so-called `honour`, said police.

They added that Ibrahim Jamshed and his wife Shakila were killed by the accused identified as Husain in Jedda Hazara Colony.

Ittehad Town police SHO Inayatullah Marwat said the police had arrested the suspect and recovered a pistol allegedly used in the murder.

The police officer said that the suspect was an elder brother of the male victim.

During the initial probe, it transpired that the suspect killed his sister-in-law because he believed that she used to meet some `bad people`.

However when his own younger brother intervened, he killed him too.

The bodies were taken to the Dr Ruth Pfau Civil Hospital Karachi to fulfil medico-legal formalities.

Man shot dead by `friend` in Steel Town A man was shot dead allegedly by his friend in a quarrel over a petty issue near Steel Town on Saturday morning, police said.

They said that the incident took place at a tea shop on the National Highway near Pipri.

Bin Qasim SHO Gul Baig said that two friends arrived at the tea shop, where they exchanged words and had a quarrel. One friend pulled out a pistol and fired at 38-yearold Tariq and fled.

However, sources said that there was a liquor store near the tea shop and both the men were consuming alcohol when they had the quarrel.

The deceased originally hailed from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

The body was shifted to the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) to fulfil medico-legal formalities.

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Artificial evolution due to climate change

World has moved from saying that climate change is a threat to humanity to now saying it is directly killing people.

The world has gradually moved from saying that climate change is a threat to humanity to now saying, with scientific proof that climate change is directly killing people. Nowhere is this truer than in India and Pakistan, the two nations that are trying to annihilate each other using nuclear weapons. They might both vaporise with heat before the nuclear war is triggered. And that is not a hyperbolic statement at all.

Pakistan is the epicentre of a worldwide wave of death and disease stemming directly from climate change. The Washington Post conducted an analysis of the climate data, leading scientific studies, expert interviews and journalistic reporting from some of the hottest places on Earth. The analysis of the heat related diseases proved how countries such as Pakistan are ill-prepared to deal with the monumental task of providing healthcare for climate patients, if you will.

One of the worst results of climate change is extreme heat. In order to document that, the Post and CarbonPlan, which is a non-profit organisation, analysed climate data based on a measure called wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT), which takes into account humidity, how hot the air is, radiation and wind speed. This allows scientists to determine how heat stresses the human body. According to their findings, Pakistan experiences some of the most intense heat globally experienced anywhere. Cities such as Jacobabad and Hyderabad would soon become so hot that people will find health risks even in the shade.

The analysis also showed that such extreme heat would be experienced by 500 million people by the year 2030, which is only about 7 years away. And 190 million of those people would be from Pakistan. The entire population of the country stands at around 250 million. Do the math. And about 270 million would be from India in that unfortunate extreme heat demographic, if you will.

In Sindh, healthcare experts of women and children say that they are seeing a rise in miscarriages, low birth weight of babies and decreased production of breast milk. Extreme heat affects the heart and kidneys.

I was watching a movie titled The Titan. In it, a science project injects certain chemicals inside the bodies of a few astronauts so that they can become resilient to the environment of the Titan, which is the largest moon of the planet Saturn. The idea behind the bold scientific experiment is artificial evolution where instead of waiting for millennia for humans to adapt to their environment, what if we could evolve them faster in order to make them resilient enough where they can live on another world and find another home for earthlings.

We may be doing the same without realising it. Climate change is human caused. It is not impossible that humans might adapt to live in this extreme heat that is going to knock on their doors very soon, if it already hasn’t, or else they’d vanish. But we are the species that got here because we fought our way here. We survived the extremely harsh mother nature because we are the fittest. Either we’d have to fit in by developing body features that would help in preventing our bodies from overheating. Maybe we would develop larger lungs, larger noses, skinnier physiques and larger pores to allow cooling off of the body faster or maybe just maybe, we must stop the use of fossil fuel and completely achieve zero carbon emissions and keep our cute physical features.

Either that or another generation of the same or similar human race would come after us, which would be driven by total rationality. It would be capable to realise that the use of fossil fuel is driving us all toward our annihilation and therefore, we must never use it. But such a rationality based human race would mean they would be anything but us. That would most certainly be an evolution brought about not by natural causes but by human caused climate change.

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Wisdom of empowerment

Weakness is a curse. It invites others to deprive you of your legitimate rights and resources. The poverty, indignity and injustice that people suffer from are symptoms whose causes lie elsewhere. These are symptoms of the weakness and disempowerment of the people and these will keep hanging over their heads until their disempowerment is replaced with empowerment.

That is the crux of the message of the poet-reformer of Sindh, Shah Abul Latif Bhittai. “Empower yourself with knowledge and work ethics”, went his clarion call, “and nobody will keep you poor and downtrodden. Instead, you will be able to hold the state accountable to work for the wellbeing of the people”.

He followed his clarion call with a roadmap for the empowerment of the people, and to rid them of the dangers of disempowerment which was a hangover from medieval culture. His roadmap calls for a culture change – to create the enabling environment that highlights the importance of knowledge, hard work, and respect for time while encouraging inquisitiveness because curiosity is the mother of inventions, and questioning the status-quo opens doors that otherwise remain closed.

During his extensive travels all over Sindh and neighbouring regions, he observed first-hand the lives and living conditions of people – landless peasants, farmers, fisherfolk, and people associated with various trades and skills. The social scientist in him had studied the problems of poverty, and the indignities and injustice people faced everywhere. And the reformer in him realized that no superficial measures would help solve these problems until their root cause is addressed and eradicated.

And the root cause, he diagnosed, lay in the absence or poor quality of the knowledge, skills and capacities of the people. In today’s language, it is called ‘human resources’. So, the root cause of their disempowerment lay in the poor quality of their human resources.

His lament about the poor state of human resources in Sindh 300 years ago seems as valid today as when he observed it; and he summed it up in this iconic verse: mahroom thee maree vaya, maher thee na moa” (they lived their life without acquiring knowledge, skills or capacities and passed away as they came. Disempowered as they remained, they were not able to solve their problems).

But if people’s conditions have not improved despite such a clarion call from their most loved and respected person, and they remain disempowered even after a lapse of 300 years, there must be a method in this madness.

While the empowerment of the people and developing human resources is good for the country, often it is not an appealing idea for the status-quo forces still clinging to medieval culture, who see it as a zero-sum game and fear that with an empowered people, they may lose their control over the national pie.

Pakistan has generally followed this course. Instead of developing a massive base of quality human resources to lift the country –- as other developing countries have done and benefited from – its status-quo forces have taken to importing ready-made solutions from abroad with back-breaking loans which have now become the albatross sinking the whole economy.

Who suffers the most if the knowledge, skills and capacities of their own people are not developed? None other than the weakest sections of society. And today’s Pakistan provides proof of the wisdom of this verse of our poet-reformer. But first the verse: “paani mathe jhoopra, moorakh unj maran” (look at these ignorant fools). They are living in the huts over the water but are still dying of thirst. They suffer because they have not developed the capacity to solve their problems – even when the solution lay in front of them.

Let us apply the same verse to our present predicament. It would now say: look at these ignorant fools; they are sitting on one of the largest coal reserves of the world in Thar coal, but they are destroying the lives of millions of people with the most expensive electricity from imported fuel. They suffer because they did not develop cheap electricity from it when it was available to them 30 years ago at 2.4 cents/unit and are now forcing people to pay 10 times more for the same electricity from imported fuel – over which the country has neither any control nor any dollars to pay for.

The electricity bill today is more than what millions of families are able to earn in a month – leaving them wondering how they will meet other expenses of their bare existence. One of the byproducts of such a cruel system will be the people slipping down the poverty line, increase in street and other crimes and creating low- hanging fruit for dubious organizations. Our policies are creating liabilities instead of assets for the country.

But if we have not invested in developing our human resources and are paying a severe price for that neglect, have we learnt any lesson and taken measures to rectify past mistakes and accelerate the pace of development of our human resources?

The first building block in human resource development is education – the first pillar of the empowerment of people as our polymath poet had identified. Here is a list of some developing countries with a percentage of their GDP going into educating their citizens: Cuba 12 per cent, Namibia 9.0 per cent, Bolivia 9.0 per cent, Botswana 8.0 per cent, Saudi Arabia 7.0 per cent, and Pakistan with 1.7 per cent of GDP (2022-23 allocation) going into education comes at 154th position out of 200 countries.

What it means is that the country is not yet empowering its people with knowledge, skills and capacities to build the foundation for a quick take-off in the foreseeable future. So, for whom has this system been working, if not the people of Pakistan?

Amazingly, our polymath poet had seen the situation in his time when rulers were sweet-tongued and deceptively friendly towards the people but on the inside were actually working against their wellbeing and empowerment. In yet another iconic verse he describes these medieval rulers: “Munh ta Moosa jhahro, andar mein iblees, ahro khaam khabees kadhi koh na chhadje” (It is better to change the rulers who appear innocent like Prophet Moses but are devil incarnate against the people).

Our colonized minds have been tuned to block any message of wisdom from our indigenous thinkers, poets, philosophers. But we are eager to lap up any such idea coming from our former colonial masters. To satisfy such colonized minds, let me clarify that the ideas of the empowerment of people that Shah Latif espoused were also voiced by contemporary European thinkers and reformers like John Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu and others.

Let me close this series of interpreting the poetry of Shah Latif by his message from another iconic verse: “Take my poetry seriously. These verses are not merely for entertainment but would lead you to the path of enlightenment.”

The writer designed the Board of Investment and the First Women’s Bank. He can be reached at: smshah@alum.mit.edu

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Boarding schools

BOARDING schools have long been an integral feature of the educational landscape worldwide. These schools provide education and boarding facilities for children aged six to 11 years or 13 to 18 years. Many parents prefer boarding schools for the high-quality education through dedicated teaching staff, smaller class sizes, individualised attention, and strong academic results.

These schools also provide opportunities for character-building by imparting the values of empathy, respect and team work, and inculcating lifelong skills of time management, self-motivation, and adaptability, thus making the students responsible citizens.

According to some estimates, there are nearly 100 boarding schools in Pakistan providing varying quality of services.

Around two dozen of these are notable elite schools, the graduates of which form lifelong friendships and networks. Some of these schools are sponsored by the armed forces, and thus become nurseries for recruitment into the armed services. The network of Aitchisonians is also well noted as many of their graduates pursue politics for their career. Amongst other notable names are Cadet College Hasanabdal, Lawrence College Ghora Gali, Cadet College Petaro, and PAF College Sargodha.

Boarding schools are sought after also because besides quality education and character building, they are seen as empowering students with leadership skills, and willpower and the self-confidence to rise and make a difference. However, this opportunity is denied to a majority of Pakistani households because of the high expenses involved. In noted boarding schools, the average fee per student is Rs50,000 to Rs75,000 per month.

There is a need, therefore, to build boarding schools that can provide quality education to those children of less privileged background who are brilliant but not able to afford boarding fees. There are some examples.

TheNooraniFoundationbuilt aboarding school near Faisalabad on six acres, which houses more than 300 students from lessprivileged background hailing from 49 districts, mostly underdeveloped, such as Zhob and Mithi. They charge a nominal fee of Rs1,000 per month. With the school`s expense per boy Rs20,000 per month, they have to raise the deficit through donations while keeping costs low by frugal practices like having students clean their own dormitories and classrooms.

This writer visited the campus, built by noted former bureaucrat Tasneem Noorani, with the support of the Akhuwat Foundation, and found that building low-cost boarding schools by the informal sector was certainly a doable and replicable option.In the other example, Cadet College Kasur, LCIC, is an education, training and boarding facility that prepares cadets from less-privileged backgrounds for admission to the armed forces of Pakistan. This college is operated by retired Brig Wajahat, who has donated his own land and resources for this cause.

One encouraging trend is that the alumni of prestigious institutions are also establishing schools in the less developed regions of Pakistan. For instance, the graduates of PAF College Sargodha have developed a Sargodhian Spirit Trust, which has established a large boarding school in Rashidabad (Tando Allahyar) and is now establishing two more boarding schools in Swabi and Quetta.

The overall education scene in Pakistan, of which boarding schools represent only a minor fraction, is dismal. In a country where the bulk of population is young, the education sector is neither sufficiently funded nor are those funds used efficiently.

In this grim backdrop, boarding schools can help prepare well-rounded personali-ties, making our society more inclusive and harmonious.

According to UNDP,64 per cent of Pakistan`s population is younger than 30. Our youth is intelligent and our land endowed with richresources. Quality education is the foundation on which the future of Pakistan would rest. While the education sector as a whole needs urgent attention, the alumni of boarding schools ought to step up their contributions to creating affordable boarding schools so that we produce a generation of leaders in every facet of our national life.

Muslims are commanded in the Holy Quran to help those in need and `Do good as Allah has done good to you` (28:77). In Christianity, a prayer attributed to St Francis of Assisi makes a strong case for giving because `it is in giving that we receive; it is in pardoning that we are pardoned … And it is in dying that we are born to eternal life`.

Boarding schools are not about personal and professional success. It is about building future leaders. Creating affordable boarding schools is a form of giving back to society as this helps produce engaging citizens who understand the value of a life lived with integrity. • The wúter is a former foreign secretary and founder chairman of Sanober Institute.

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Census and election

I WAS surprised a few months ago when some otherwise very knowledgeable persons, well versed in the law and the electoral process, criticised the government of the day for delaying the completion of Census 2023 because they felt that it would deprive new voters of an opportunity to cast their vote in the coming election. Most of these critics saw some kind of a conspiracy in the delay because they felt that the new voters would likely vote for a particular political party and that the delay was deliberate to hurt the electoral prospects of a political party. Despite the clarifications offered at that time, the conspiracy narrative kept reverberating in social media.

The fact is that the electoral rolls (voters` list) and the population census are two entirely different processes, each carried out quite independently of the other by separate institutions of the state and governed by distinct legal provisions.

The census is included in the Federal Legislative List, Part II, which is regulated by the Council of Common Interests (CCI) under Article 154(1) of the Constitution. The census is also mentioned in Article 51(5) in the context of the distribution of National Assembly seats among the provinces but neverin relation to the voters`list.

The census is undertaken by the federal government through the Population Census Wing of the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, which is attached to the Ministry of Planning, Development and Special Initiatives. The census is ordinarily conducted every 10 years. There have been seven censuses in the past 76 years, with the first one held in 1951 and the latest (seventh) in 2023. Census 2023 was organised as an extraordinary measure just six years after the preceding census, which was the shortest intercensus period in Pakistan`s history. There may have been political compulsions to do so, but technically there was no justification for prematurely carrying out such an expensive exercise.

The preparation and periodic revision of the electoral rolls is the responsibility of the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) under Article219(a) of the Constitution and Chapter 4 of the Elections Act, 2017. The revision of the rolls is an almost continuous process except for a brief period of about three months when the electoral rolls are frozen during the poll period. Voters are normally registered at the address given in their CNIC unlike the census which counts people at their normal place of residence.

Irrespective of the status of the census, all voters who are registered up to the time the electoral rolls are frozen, are eligible to vote in the election.

To be more specific, voters who have attained the age of 18 years and have their CNICs by Oct 25, 2023 the cut-off date announced by the ECP will be registered as eligible to vote in the general election scheduled for the last week of January 2024.

The story published in this paper on Oct 13 based on the findings of some CSOs about the perceived 13 million `disenfranchised` voters also seems to be the result of the mixing up of statistics of the census and the electoralrolls.In addition, the report which is the source of the story is based on the assumption that the adult population is 58pc of Pakistan`s total population. There is absolutely no basis for this highly exaggerated number. In Census 2017, the population of 18 years and above was merely 53pc of the total population. Although age-wise population figures have not been released by the 2023 census, we may use the same percentage (53pc) as in Census 2017 that drastically cuts the estimated number of unregistered voters to 2.9m as opposed to the13m that was erroneously reported. Most, if not all, of these 2.9m `missing voters` are in fact those persons who, despite the efforts of Nadra, the ECP, civil society and international donors, have opted not to get their CNICs made which is a legal prerequisite to be registered as a voter.

According to Census 2017 (sadly, the figures for Census 2023 are not available as yet) 18pc of the population had not obtained their CNIC. This percentage was around 10pc in men but, alarmingly, 26pc among women. It is, however, encouragingthat the percentage of unregistered women as a percentage of the total registered voters, had been steadily decreasing over the years from a peak of 13pc in 2013 to 8pc in July 2023.

In the 2018 general election, the difference between the adult population (110.897m) as reported in Census 2017 and the registered voters at that time (105.955m) was 4.941m that translated to 4.66pc of total registered voters. The estimated number of unregistered voters in 2023 is 2.29pc of the total registered voters way below the percentage in 2018.

An overall high number, such as 13m, of unregistered voters would have been truly a source of great concern but thankfully it is not the case.

The discrepancy between population and registered voters in districts is, however, possible as the persons are not necessarily registered as voters at the same place as they normally reside and get counted in a population census. Karachi and Sindh-based political parties had been complaining for long that there is a wide divergence between the number of voters and the population reportedin the census.

The statistics relating to the population and electoral rolls need to be taken very seriously and a scrutiny of these by the academia, civil society and political parties will improve their accuracy.

The timely availability of the data is, however, a prerequisite for analysis. Although the ECP regularly provides national and provincial gender-disaggregated statistics of the electoral rolls, its agewise breakdown should also be made public regularly.

Census 2023 was approved by the CCI on Aug 5 this year, but the detailed gender-disaggregated and age-wise data has not been made public despite the lapse of about two and a half months. • The wnter is president of the Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development And Transparency.

president@pildat.org X (formerly Twitter): @ABMPildat YouTube: @abmpildat

No progress without land reform

Failure of ruling class to conduct substantive land reform has meant the preservation of entrenched power structures.

The failure of Pakistan’s ruling class to conduct substantive land reform has meant the preservation of entrenched power structures, persistently low agricultural productivity and a flourishing real estate sector populated by predatory elites looking to turn a quick profit via speculative trading. Big landlords operate as royalty across provinces, sitting atop valuable assets that could potentially be producing inputs for the manufacturing sector to boost exports — instead using them to exert influence and exploit labouring classes in rural communities. The process around which contestation for power takes place is also largely contingent upon landholdings, thus marking this domain as a central, and in many cases pivotal, determinant of governing relations. Without a consolidated effort to redistribute these holdings, Pakistan has little hope of moving forward on any front.

Perhaps the most fundamental concern about landholdings concentrated in the hands of a few families (5% of landlords are estimated to own 65% of the farmland) is that they allow these feudal lords to operate as gatekeepers to the corridors of power. ‘Electables’ are big landlords that possess coercive power over their respective communities — a significant percentage of which are directly dependent on them for survival. Landless peasants and tenant farmers are both at the mercy of the landlord and in many cases ‘bonded’ to him (it is invariably a him) via debt. This leverage makes them attractive candidates for political parties to award tickets to, as they can rest assured of ‘vote banks’ without having to worry about winning support through persuasive means based on ideological appeals and/or policy manifestoes. Landlords naturally respond to this by carefully weighing out offers from all parties — in most cases simply representing the security apparatus — to strategically maximise their returns, which can come in the form of monetary rewards, political capital and other gifts/favours that enhance their authority and sphere of control. Any party seeking to win seats in provincial or national assemblies must necessarily engage with landlords at some level in order to stand a chance: no ifs and buts.

Secondly, the economic aspect. Dormancy in land — and agricultural land in particular — has tended to prevail across Pakistan as landlords have little to lose if they wish to simply hold the asset for as long as possible with the intention of selling it off at a (massive) profit in the future. With a tax system that is ill thought-out at best and simply non-existent at worst, it makes no difference whether the land is being used productively or not. This is despite evidence from across the globe — particularly among countries such as China, Taiwan, Japan, and even India — that demonstrate the direct link between land reform and higher agricultural productivity. This has been achieved by breaking up holdings into parcels and renting them out to smallholders who have a real incentive to then minimise costs through continual innovation — eventually enhancing productive capabilities and drastically expanding domestic output of key crops which can then be used as inputs to the manufacturing sector, fuelling industrial growth and leading to higher exports and better current account positions.

The complete absence of any kind of governing oversight on land relations — with no systems or institutions in place that ensure transparency in the domain — a flourishing real estate sector has propped up in an “atmosphere of opacity, under-regulation, under-taxation and legal inconsistencies”, to quote from activist-academics Ammar Rashid and Aasim Sajjad Akhtar. This involves large-scale land grabbing, whereby entire regions are captured by powerful individuals that are practically above the law and converted into elaborate ‘housing schemes’ targeted at the affluent. The vast majority of these remain unoccupied for extensive periods, with an entire market based on the trading of ‘files’ in place for elites to place their bets on in anticipation for a quick return. It also bears mentioning that a significant proportion of the players in this domain are expatriates looking to ‘park’ their wealth, a phenomenon that began in the early 2000s when close monitoring of financial flows in countries of settlement had begun. Societies that are populated, on the other hand, are structured in a manner that ensures total insulation from the outside: with private water, security, electricity, entertainment, etc in place, thus contributing to the increasing divide between the haves and have-nots. To quote activist-academic Ammar Ali Jan, “Considering the social, economic and political insularity of the Pakistani elites, it would be fair to say that they are heading the most successful ‘separatist movement’ in the country, a movement that seeks to insulate itself from the squalor and abandonment reflected in the experience of millions of Pakistanis.” Indeed, many of the gated housing societies located are made possible by the violent destruction of settlements. In cities, these constitute informal settlements catering to poor migrants from the countryside; while in rural communities they are the ancestral homes of various communities with deep sociocultural roots in the territory. A quite literal manifestation of class warfare.

Going forward, it is absolutely essential for Pakistan’s governing elites to understand that economic prosperity is not a technical endeavour but one based within power relations. Markets can only truly function and evolve if they receive a regular stream of voluntary participants. This is impossible unless ordinary people have the means to break out of the poverty trap, which current land relations do not allow.

Comprehensive land reform must involve, first and foremost, the careful mapping out of land ownership to establish clarity on the landscape. Provincial Boards of Revenue must take on this responsibility and move towards modernisation/digitisation to streamline the process. Once this is done, a careful incentives-based policy ought to be put in place that allows landlords a particular window of time to demonstrate that they are utilising their holdings in a productive manner — the failure of which would mean seizure by the state and either redistribution to local farmers or the leasing out to tenants with little to no strings attached. In the immediate term, progressive land taxation ought to be imposed (based on acres held) to disincentivise both dormancy and speculative trading; and farmers’ associations liberated to challenge the domineering presence of landlords in rural settings through collective organisation.

Democracy simply cannot prevail under current land relations, which are a direct or indirect product of (arbitrary) colonial era allotments. Economic justice necessitates radical reform. Now.

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Man shoots wife, son dead over domestic quarrel

OKARA: A man shot his wife and son dead and left two passers-by injured following a domestic quarrel at Dograi village in the district on Friday night.

As per the first information report (FIR), the suspect, Mansha, a resident of Dograi village, had married Sheman Bibi some 28 years ago and the couple had eight children.

However, around seven years back, he contracted second marriage with Rashidan Bibi and brought her home. His both wives started living under the same roof.

As Mansha`s first wife was not happy with her husband`s second marriage, the two wives would have frequent quarrels, the police said quoting the suspect`s neighbours.

On Friday night, Mansha, along with histwo unidentified armed accomplices arrived at his house. He shot at his first wife, Sheman, who tried to escape but the suspect chased and shot her dead on the spot.

When Mansha`s son Shahzad attempted to save his mother, the suspect also shot him. Shahzad too succumbed to his bullet injury on the spot.

Meanwhile, two passers-by, identified as Ali Husnain and Mukhtar Ahmad, also received bullets fired by Mansha and were referred shifted to a hospital in Mandi Ahmedabad, from where they were referred to a hospital in Lahore.

On the report of Mansha`s son Afzaal, Mandi Ahmadabad police registered a double-murder case against Mansha and his two unidentified accomplices under sections 302 and 34 of the Pakistan Penal Code (PPC).

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