Woman beaten to death – 07 Dec 2022

OKARA: In Chah Bholawala, close to village 42/SP, a woman was fatally beaten at home.

According to a first information report on the matter, Khalida, a mother of four, and her family moved from Pakpattan to 42/SP area three weeks ago.

When Muhammad Ramzan visited his daughter on Monday, he witnessed Khalida being beaten by her husband Akram, Ghafoor, and Muhammad Imam. After being struck in the head, she lost conscious-ness and tragically died.

The Haveli Lakha police bled a case against three suspects under sections 30 and 34 of the Pakistan Penal Code in response to Ramzan`s complaint.

A rickshaw driver was also struck in the head by a stray gunshot.

Muhammad Zaman, with his brother Ali Irfan, was travelling on their rickshaw when, near Basti Ghulam Qadir, Ali went to a roadside shop where he received a bullet shot. Rescue 1122 shif ted Ali to a local hospital.

The Chorista Mian police registered a case against an unidentified suspect.

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Industrialist, son, employees booked for `murder` of maid – 07 Dec 2022

TOBA TEK SINGH: A known industrialist of Faisalabad, his son Hamza and three employees had been booked on Tuesday on the charge of murdering a 17-year-old girl employed as domestic help at the industrialist`s house.

In the first information report (FIR) registered by Faisalabad`s Millat Town police on the complaint of Ghulam Abbas Shah of Chak 362GB, Jarranwala, under sections 302, 147 and 149 of the Pakistan Penal Code, (PPC), the complainant says his daughter Maria, 17, was employed as domestic help at the house of Sheikh Khurram Mukhtar, a known industrialist, for the last eight months.

Abbas stated that Maria informedhim on telephone that she had been raped by the suspects.

He said later he received a telephone call and the caller told him that Maria was unwell and he (Abbas) was asked to reach a private hospital located on the Canal Road.

The complainant said when he reached the hospital he found his daughter lying dead on a stretcher, with bleeding from her nose and ears and `visible marks` of strangling on her neck.

He claimed the suspects confessed before him that they had strangled Maira to death.

Abbas stated that despite protest by him and his f amily members, the suspects forcibly shifted his daughter`s body to his native village (Chak 362-GB) in an ambulance.

He said when he reached the village and informed Millat Town police about the situation, the police shifted the body to hospital for autopsy.Meanwhile, a press release issued by Faisalabad City Police Officer (CPO) Syed Khalid Mahmood Hamdani said three of the five suspects, who were the industrialist employees Rashid, Babloo and Noaman Masih had been arrested.

The press release did not mention whether the industrialist and his son H amza Khurram Mukhtar, both nominated in the FIR, were deliberately not arrested or had gone underground.

It also did not mention whether police were conducting any raids to arrest the influential suspects.

The CPO, however, said in the press release if rape was confirmed in the autopsy and the postmortem examination reports, the relevant sections would also be added to the murder FIR.

He claimed that investigation of the case would be carried out on `pure merit` and the culprits won`t be spared. Correspondent

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Two young men shot dead in DHA Y Block – 07 Dec 2022

LAHORE: Three people were allegedly shot dead in two incidents in the city on Tuesday.

The police said two young men were alleged murdered in the posh area of Y Block in the jurisdiction of Defence C police station while the other was shot dead in Shadman.

Cantonment Division Operations SP Eesa Skhera said Shahzad and his relative Hassan were going by a bike in Y block of DHA when two unidentified armed men fired on them and fled the scene.

Both suffered multiple bullet injuries and died on the spot, he said adding that apparently the incident was result of an enmity between the two parties of Hadiara area. He said the initial police inquiries suggested that residents of Hadiara had lodged a murder case, nominating nearly 10 people including fathers of Shahzad and Hassan.

The SP said the nominated suspects had secured bail from the court and it seemed that the attackers (complainants of FIR lodged with Hadiara police station) killed the two young men in revenge. The police shifted bodies to the city morgue for autopsy and are awaiting complaints from the families to lodge a case.

About other murder incident, a police official said Salamat Ali (45) was shot dead at Tollinton Market following a brawl with a local who was yet to be identified.

He said the suspect had fled the scene shortly after killing Salamat and the police shifted the body to the city morgue for autopsy.

Further investigations are under way. — Staff Reporter

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Underage marriage foiled by police – 07 Dec 2022

UMERKOT: Women police stopped marriage of an underage girl with a youth in his late teens and arrested the groom, the nine-year-old bride’s stepmother and nikah khawan after raid on a house in Rahimoon Colony here on Monday.

According to the FIR lodged on behalf of state, police official said that they rushed to the locality after they were informed by a concerned citizen about the child’s marriage and found Dholo Sand, 19, dressed as a groom and the bride identified later as Uroosa attired in a wedding dress ready to tie the knot.

Police said that they arrested the groom, the girl’s step mother Sumera, a resident of Machhar Colony, Karachi, the nikah khawan Hanif Shah and the groom’s brother Khuda Bux Sand, who were residents of Rahimoon Colony.

The girl’s father Babar Shah, the groom’s father Chanesar Sand and a middle-man Wazeer Dahiri, who brokered the deal of the girl’s sale into marriage, had been nominated in the case filed under Sections 3, 4, 5 of the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 2013, and Sections 371-A and 371-B of the Pakistan Penal Code.

The area people told Dawn that Mirpurkhas division had become notorious for the sale of girls into marriage, especially underage girls. The latest case appeared to be clear case of human trafficking, they said.

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Autopsy finds 12-year-old girl raped, murdered – 07 Dec 2022

KARACHI: A minor girl was raped and murdered in Lines Area, on Tuesday, police and hospital officials said Police Surgeon Summaiya Syed said that the 12-year-old girl was brought dead from Jacob Lines within the jurisdiction of the Brigade police station to the medico-legal section of the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre at 2pm.

She added that a post-mortem examination was carried out after receiving the inquest papers from the investigation officer concerned.

“Physical findings are strongly suggestive of violent sexual assault and her death occurred due to asphyxia resulting from strangulation,” the police surgeon said, adding that samples had been collected for DNA profiling and cross-matching. East-SSP Syed Abdul Rahim Shirazi told Dawn that one suspect had been arrested in the case.

Brigade SHO Khalid Rafiq told Dawn that the police had received information from the JPMC medico-legal section that the body of a 12-year-old girl was brought at the hospital and the family was claiming that she had committed suicide by hanging herself at around 3pm.

The SHO said the family wanted to take away the body without an autopsy. But the police got her autopsy report and a lady medico-legal official told the police that she had been murdered after rape.

The officer said the body had been taken to the morgue.

The police were waiting for the family to lodge an FIR with the police station concerned.

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Muggers snatch cloth bag containing newborn girl from mother – 07 Dec 2022

KARACHI: In a strange incident, a `cloth shopping bag with a zipper` inside of which a mother was said to be carrying her newborn baby girl was snatched by two muggers on a road when the woman got off a passenger bus in Baldia Town on Tuesday.

However, police said that there was no witness to the mysterious incident.

Keamari-SSP Fida Husain Janwari told Dawn that Anni Begum, wife of Shahid Soomro, left her residence in Musharraf Colony and got on a passenger bus.

As she got off the bus at Rubi Mor in Baldia Town, two muggers standing there snatched the shopping bag from her and fled, the woman told the police.

He said that she told the police that she wrapped her 11-day-old baby girl in the bag to save her from cold since she was unwell.

She said she was carrying the child to a hospital in Baldia Town for a check-up, the SSP said.

He said that the suspected muggers did not take away anything else from her, like cell phone, etc.

The police obtained the closed-circuit television (CCTV) footage from the area and showed it to the woman, but she could not identify anyone in the video.

`We are investigating the incident,` said SSP Janwari.

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Girl allegedly raped – 07 Dec 2022

Police says victim had gone to the field to answer the call of nature when the suspect raped her at gunpoint

A young married girl was allegedly raped at gunpoint in Chak No. 357 GB, police said.

They said that the victim had gone to the field to answer the call of nature when the suspect raped her at gunpoint.

In a separate case a maid foiled a man’s attempt to dishonor her. The 15-year-old girl, who worked in a house as a maid in Mohalla Sharifpura of Gulberg, had gone out of the house to buy some grocery.

She was allegedly seduced by the suspect, who resided in the same locality. He allegedly tried to become intimate with her with the intention of taking advantage of her.

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Transgender support – 07 Dec 2022

Federal Minister for Poverty Alleviation and Chairperson of BISP Shazia Marri has announced the start of the Benzair Kafalat Programme, under which transgender persons will need to register themselves with the programme and will be given Rs7000 in cash each month. This is a step forward in helping the struggling transgender community in the country who not only face immense violence in their daily lives but are also subjected to blatant discrimination when it comes to the most basic of rights. While such cash programmes are a necessary affirmative action to help out transgnder persons, a lot more needs to be done to bring them into the mainstream of rights and a dignified living. Over the past five years, we have seen growing violence towards transgender persons, who have been killed in large numbers in Peshawar and other cities.

The brutal murders of transgender men and women only serve as a grisly reminder of how far we have still to go before all citizens of Pakistan enjoy equal rights and protection under the law. The problem is not just one of law enforcement and a lack of official action. The reason attacks on transgender persons are so common – as are the discriminations against them – is because the perpetrators feel they have immunity for their actions. It is obvious that legislation is not enough on its own, and while a few transgender icons have moved into major roles in life, the number is too limited while many still live as they did before: amidst poverty and neglect, often reducued to symbols of mockery.

While laws are meaningful and important, more needs to be done and protection ensured for transgender persons, no matter where they live and what they do. There also has to be wider acceptance for them in the workplace. We already saw how the 2017 census undercounted the community; this is just one way an entire community is relegated to a secondary status in society. The brutalities transgender persons go through on a daily basis and the increasing violent attacks on them, especially in recent years, show that we clearly still have a very long way to go. While the grant of identity cards and other measures to mainstream the community was obviously a positive step, far more needs to be done to make transmen and women acceptable. One step towards helping them is ensuring they are not relegated to a life of complete poverty. In that, the BISP step is indeed a welcome one.

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Approach to reparations – 07 Dec 2022

The climate transition will cost trillions of dollars. The developing world, locked into a neocolonial relationship of debt and dependency, doesn’t have the resources. So, where will the money come from to help the Global South leapfrog into a post-fossil-fuel era?

“There are three possibilities,” Tom Athanasiou suggests. “Fossil fuel corporations. The rich countries of the north. Or the rich people of the world.”

Fossil fuel corporations have historically profited enormously from peddling the products that have produced climate change. Even worse, they are making windfall profits now as a result of the Ukraine war, which has put restrictions on the amount of Russian oil and gas that’s available to Western markets. In the second quarter of 2022, for instance, BP “earned” profits of $8.5 billion, its biggest take in 14 years. In total, according to the International Energy Agency, fossil fuel companies have pulled in $2 trillion in profits over the course of the war so far. “People around the world want to push for a windfall profit tax for both tactical and strategic reasons,” he continues. “And I wouldn’t argue with them!”

The second option is the traditional climate debt approach, to make the rich countries of the north pay. “These countries obviously have to pay the greatest part of the bill because they have the greatest historical responsibility and the greatest capacity to pay,” he adds. “Yes, but there are lots of poor people, poor by global standards, in the countries of the north, including in the United States, the richest country the world has ever seen. And there are also some very rich people in the countries of the south.”

Because wealth is not so neatly divided between north and south, “maybe it should be rich people and not rich countries that pay,” Athanasiou suggests. “This is not as crazy an idea as you might think, especially if you follow Thomas Picketty and his colleagues at the World Inequality Lab. They argue that more than half of inequality on the planet is now within countries rather than between countries. So, what if we tax the emissions of just the richest one percent of the global population regardless where they live – at a rate high enough to pay for the entire cost of the emergency climate transition?”

Assessing individuals rather than countries would still conform to a fair share approach by geography. “About 6 percent of luxury emissions come from China, so it would have significant fair share,” he explains. “The United States, with 57 percent of the global luxury emissions, would have a far larger share, about ten times the size of China’s.”

He cites the work of Olufemi O Taiwo and his recent book on reparations: “Taiwo says that we need a constructive approach to reparations or to climate debt, a forward-looking, world-building approach that supports mobilization and cooperation. Such an approach cannot simply reference the climate debt that the north owes the south, huge though that is. It must also spotlight the responsibility to pay of rich people wherever they live in whatever countries.”

The bottom line, Athanasiou concludes, is that “with so many governments going neo-fascist, it’s not really very likely we’ll get tens of trillions from central bankers in the next several years. You can’t just print that money. It has to come from the rich. It’s complicated how it will be done. But it’s extremely important that the luxury consumption of the super-rich be made a big issue on this planet. And there’s no way of doing that except by taxing it. Such a tax will not in and of itself solve the problem. But to create a sense that a just world is being built, there has to be a sense that the rich are being reined in.”

In 2020, the world subsidized fossil fuels to the tune of nearly $6 trillion (in both direct and implicit subsidies). Of that figure, the G7 countries shell out around $88 billion a year in direct subsidies, which they recently pledged to phase out by 2025. “This is a wasted resource,” Meena Raman points out, “which could be redirected to the developing world to address both the climate crisis and the development crisis.”

A second mechanism for raising money is, as mentioned before, taxes. In addition to a tax on luxury emissions, a tax on financial transactions (also known as a Tobin tax) has been long discussed as a generator of funds to address climate change. Such a tax has been introduced in a watered-down version in the European Union, but a stronger global version could help finance a just global transition, as Albert Acosta has suggested. He also recommends going after tax havens, which have cost governments around $500-600 billion annually in lost revenue (with poorer countries losing around $200 billion of that amount).

A third mechanism would be for the international community to pay countries to keep their fossil fuels in the ground. Acosta, who created an initiative for Ecuador to raise money internationally to keep oil beneath the Yasuni rainforest preserve, believes that “rich countries have to pay more to preserve the equilibrium of the planet. We have to keep underground two-thirds of all fossil fuel reserves, whether oil, gas, or coal. If we don’t, global temperatures will increase past the 1.5-degree limit.”

Another mechanism for redirecting resources southward would be the “special drawing rights” or SDRs that the IMF issues. During the pandemic, when the global economy teetered on the precipice, the IMF issued $650 billion in SDRs. “These went to rich countries,” Meena Raman reports. “The IMF can do this, but it’s not doing it for the developing world.”

The prime minister of Barbados, Mia Mottley, is attempting to change this situation. She has called for redirecting $500 billion of these SDRs to the developing world annually for decarbonization. “We in civil society have to push for this as well,” Raman urges.

At the same time, any number of “false solutions” to the climate crisis have been proposed. “Beware of green colonialism,” Alberto Acosta warns. “Beware of carbon markets and the mercantilization of human rights.”

Through carbon offsets, as Meena Raman explains, “you can continue to emit a ton of carbon if you sequester another ton through planting trees.” Ultimately, the polluting enterprises continue to operate as before. No net decarbonization takes place, and the same economic and energy system remains in place.

“Elites in the north, in cooperation with corporations, are now looking at geoengineering, the removal of emissions from the atmosphere through technical ‘solutions,’” she continues. “How do we veer away from false solutions to protect systems that are still intact? The last frontiers in indigenous communities are now under threat of land grabs. Free trade agreements allow corporations to sue governments for doing the right thing through investor-state dispute settlement mechanisms.”

On the other hand, some leaders are coming to the fore, like Gustavo Petro and Francia Marquez in Colombia. “These new leaders are talking about new development models, post-extraction and post-fossil-fuel solutions,” she adds. “But it’s not easy having to fight to dismantle structures and proposing alternatives like canceling the debt.”

To address climate change effectively, countries have to work together across any number of divides: north and south, east and west, rich and poor, and those rich in fossil fuels and those rich in sustainable energy sources. That is the challenge facing the annual Conferences of the Parties or COPs, the latest of which just took place in November 2022 in Sharm al-Sheikh in Egypt.

Excerpted: ‘Rich Countries Have an Historic Responsibility to Help Global South Transition to Post-Fossil-Fuel Future’.

Courtesy: Commondreams.org

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More women SHOs – 07 Dec 2022

IT is encouraging to see more employment avenues opening up for women in Pakistan, with an increasing number of public institutions making a conscious effort to bring them on board.

According to a report in this paper yesterday, the Pakistan Railways police is planning to hire more women station house officers at several major train stations, particularly in Karachi. The objective is to ensure that female passengers are assured of a pleasant, safe and secure journey. Positive feedback from passengers regarding the first ever woman SHO appointed in Lahore at the Mughalpura station has prompted PR to recruit more women for the post across the country. Some other measures, such as the installation of cameras on the trains and a mobile phone app, have also been announced so that outlaws on board can be apprehended. According to a PR police spokesperson, the criminal record information of all law-enforcement agencies has been incorporated with the e-police post app, thereby making for a more integrated system.

It may be recalled that a few months ago, a young woman travelling alone was gang-raped on a Karachi-bound train a shocking incident that highlighted how extremely unsafe is the public transport system in Pakistan for lone female travellers. The question to be asked is never why a woman was travelling alone, but rather, what the government must do to ensure a secure environment on public transport. The recent move by the PR is thus encouraging. In a conservative society where the public space is seen as belonging to men by right which renders females venturing outside the home even more vulnerable the government must take proactive steps to increase women`s visibility in a range of professions seen generally as male domains, such as the police. Also, with the introduction of metro bus systems along modern lines and with separate compartments for women, travel has become more economical and perceptibly widened the avenues for female employment and education. Such a trend can only bode well for a society`s progress.

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